June in the Garden

There were probably some beautiful days in May, but June is when the summer really arrives in an English garden. Warmer temperatures and longer days encourage you to get out and enjoy the lush growth and greenness.

June is ideal for planting summer annuals like marigolds, petunias, and begonias. It’s also a good time to plant perennials such as delphiniums and hostas. Ensure the soil is well-prepared with compost to provide a nutrient-rich environment for these plants.

Make sure that you regularly deadhead spent flowers on plants like roses and dahlias. This will encourage continuous blooming. Prune your spring-flowering shrubs, such as forsythia and lilac, after they have finished blooming to maintain their shape and promote healthy growth.

There is also lots to do in the vegetable garden. Sow summer vegetables like beans, courgettes, and sweetcorn directly into the ground. Transplant seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers outdoors if they haven’t been planted already.

Regular watering and feeding are crucial, especially during dry spells. Mulching around plants helps retain soil moisture, suppress weeds and reduce the need for watering in the really hot periods. Check for pests such as aphids and caterpillars and manage them promptly.

Caring for your fruit trees and bushes will bring big benefits at harvest time! Thin out fruit on apple and pear trees to ensure the remaining fruits grow larger and healthier. Net soft fruits like strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries to protect them from birds. Apply a balanced fertilizer to fruit trees and bushes and water them thoroughly, especially in dry weather.

Regularly weed flower beds and vegetable plots to prevent weeds from competing with your plants for nutrients and water. A little and often is the right approach. Applying a layer of mulch around plants will help to retain moisture and keep the soil cool. If you are going to water, do it early in the morning or late in the evening to reduce evaporation. Use rainwater from a water butt if possible.

By staying on top of these tasks, you can ensure your garden remains healthy, productive, and beautiful throughout June.

Photo by Sugar Bee on Unsplash